Who Are the Parties to a Contract of Carriage

When it comes to the transportation of goods, a contract of carriage is essential to ensure that all parties involved are on the same page regarding the terms and conditions of the shipment. But who exactly are the parties to a contract of carriage? Let`s take a closer look.

The shipper

The shipper is the party that sends the goods. This could be an individual or a company that wants to transport their products from one place to another. The shipper is responsible for providing accurate and complete information about the shipment, including the contents, weight, and destination.

The carrier

The carrier is the party that provides the transportation service. It could be a shipping company, a trucking company, an airline, or a courier service. The carrier is responsible for transporting the goods from the shipper to the consignee (the recipient of the goods) according to the terms and conditions of the contract of carriage.

The consignee

The consignee is the party that receives the goods. They are often the customer who has ordered the products and is expecting them to arrive at a specific location. The consignee is responsible for inspecting the goods upon delivery and ensuring that they are in good condition.

The freight forwarder

Sometimes, a freight forwarder may be involved in the contract of carriage. A freight forwarder is a third-party logistics provider that arranges the transportation of goods on behalf of the shipper. They may handle the paperwork, coordinate with carriers, and provide other related services.

The insurance company

In some cases, an insurance company may be involved in the contract of carriage. The shipper or the carrier may take out insurance to protect against loss or damage to the goods during transportation. The insurance company would be responsible for paying out any claims if something goes wrong.


A contract of carriage involves multiple parties, each with their own responsibilities and obligations. By understanding who the parties are, what they do, and what their roles are in the transportation of goods, you can ensure that your shipments are successful and that everyone involved is on the same page.

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